Surveys report a 20-25% prevalence of youths with some type of sleep problem. The following problems are commonly reported in children aged 2-15 years:
- Narcolepsy (0.01-0.20%) may be underestimated in children because a classic tetrad of symptoms is uncommon in this age group.
- Bedtime resistance in school-aged children has been reported at 15% and is often associated with limit-setting disorder.
- Nightmares (30%) are more common in younger youths.
- Sleepwalking with at least more than 1 episode occurs in 25-30% of youths and is most common in children aged 3-10 years.
- Insomnia occurs in 23% of youths.
- Enuresis occurs from 8% in children aged 4 years to 4% in children aged 10 years.
- Bruxism is reported in 10% of youths and may occur in people of any age.
- Grinding and clenching teeth at night is reported in 5-8% of adults.
- Sleep rocking or head banging is reported in 5% of youths, with head banging being common in infants and in children aged 9 months to 12 years.
- OSAS is the most common reason for sleep laboratory referral and affects an estimated 2% of children.
CHILDREN SLEEP CLINIC
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